Global level activities interlinked with the national level activities would facilitate the expected results of the programme through the building of capacity and knowledge through training activities, information sharing, bilateral exchanges and collating and distribution of lessons learned within the project implementation countries. Finally, among others, activities at the global level ensure the programme has visibility enabling international cooperation focused on the issues of Migration and Development.
Bilateral Learning Missions
To ensure that additional mechanisms for exchange of information, experiences and ideas are available to project participating countries, the Joint Programme has in place opportunities for bilateral learning missions. These bilateral learning missions are organised for government focal points to learn from the migration related experiences of other countries through meetings and discussions.
For example, government focal points from Ecuador, Jamaica, Morocco, and Tunisia as well as the programme focal points from IOM and UNDP engaged the Mexican government to learn experiences and gather information on how they managed migration flows in Mexico. The meeting with the Mexican government was also to enhance the integration of migration into their national development plans, through among others, commitment/engagement of the diaspora for national socio-economic development. Government representatives from the Republic of Kyrgyzstan also visited the Republic of Moldova while Government officials from Jamaica engaged government representatives in the Philippines in a similar exchange.
Guidance on migration for United Nations Development Assistance Frameworks
In July 2014, the Global Migration Group (GMG) Principals mandated the GMG Chair to collaborate with the United Nations Development Operations Coordination Office (UNDOCO), in the development of guidance on migration for United Nations Development Assistance Frameworks (UNDAFs) and "Delivering as One" initiatives. On behalf of the GMG, IOM and UNDP as co-chairs of the Working Group on Mainstreaming Migration into National Development Strategies drafted an outline for several thematic briefs on how to guide UN Country Teams to consider migration and displacement into UNDAFs.
As part of the Mainstreaming Migration into National Development Strategies programme, a draft Guidance Tool on Integrating the Migration-Employment Nexus in UNDAFs that elicits the linkages between employment, migration, and social, economic and environmental development in countries of origin, transit and destination have been developed. The tool includes a focus on legal, policy and institutional frameworks for migration and employment and provides guiding questions for the country assessment and planning options on the conceptual links between employment, migration and sustainable development.
To take stock of the recent endeavours at the country level, the programme conducted a content analysis of current UNDAFs. This analysis revealed that 91% of all 119 current UNDAFs that started between 2009 and 2016 contain some reference to migration and displacement. 84% of all frameworks refer directly to migration, migrants and related terms, while three-quarters mention refugees and displacement. Importantly, migration, returnees, remittances, refugee and displacement issues are often highlighted in the strategic options and key outcomes.
Currently, the guidance note is being finalised with input from all GMG member agencies. Consultations with DOCO are underway to ensure that the guidance note will be considered in the overall guidance on the SDGs and UNDAFs, as well as to include the recent developments on the general guidance on UNDAFs and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development into the GMG guidance note.
Capacity Building on Migration and Development
The mainstreaming programme facilitated the participation of IOM and UNDP Focal Points in training on mainstreaming migration into policy planning jointly organised by IOM and the ITC-ILOcenter in Turin in May 2016. The overall goal was to enhance the understanding of actors from different backgrounds, institutions, policy areas and contexts on the links between migration and sectoral policies. The training’s modules dealt with the emergence and evolution of, and current trends in, migration and development discourses, policies as well as practices. The course further explored the concept, process, and implications of integrating migration in development planning and strategies at national and local levels.
The multidisciplinary approach, based on the intervention of experts and institutions focused on particular aspects of the migration and development nexus, such as human rights and protection of migrants' rights, and labour migration, to ensure that the learning methods are in accordance with the building blocks of the mainstreaming approach. Hence, the training strengthened the capacity of the focal points to enhance policy coherence through multi-stakeholder mechanisms to enable them to support rights-based approach in the governance of migration and mainstreaming mechanisms. The training was also to promote an understanding of the mechanisms, opportunities and challenges related to the engagement of migrants in development-related policy and planning, throughout the whole migration cycle. Furthermore, it was also to foster dynamics aiming to build policy coherence throughout different levels of governance, from the local to the national, informing also regional and global M&D processes and debates. The course further explores the concept, process, and implications of integrating migration in development planning and strategies at national and local level.